Archive: 2012-2013 Academic Year
Diversitydata.org is Named a Health Data All-Star by the Health Data Consortium
May 31, 2013
ICYFP project diversitydata.org has been named a Health Data All Star, one of 50 prominent domestic resources for health data at the federal, state and local levels housed on the Health Data Consortium’s website. The list was compiled in consultation with leading health researchers, government officials, entrepreneurs, advocates and others to identify the health data resources that matter most. The diversitydata.org project was selected for All-Star status based on having data from 362 different metropolitan areas and for having meaningful data indicators put into context.
April 11-12, 2013
Pamela Joshi, PhD, '01, Senior Research Scientist and Associate Director of ICYFP and Kimberly Geronimo, Research Associate for ICYFP collaborated with Sarah Love, Casey Tischner, and Brian Burke of RTI International to present a poster titled "Building Community Resilience through Effective Partnerships Between Faith-Based and Community Organizations and Emergency Management Agencies." This poster was presented at the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta's eighth biennial Community Development Research Conference in Washington DC. The title of this year's conference was "Resilience and Rebuilding for Low-Income Communities: Research to Inform Policy and Practice." More information on this conference is available on the FRB Atlanta website.
Crossman Presents Research on Caregivers of Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders at Gatlinburg Conference
March 8, 2013
Morgan Crossman, MA, third-year PhD student in Child, Youth, and Family Policy, recently presented research at the Gatlinburg Conference on Research and Theory in Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities which was held in San Antonio, TX March 6-8th, 2013. The poster, titled "Perspectives of Adult Physicians on Providing Care for Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders," focused specifically on the transition from pediatric to adult health care. The purpose of the study was to (1) understand adult providers' perceptions of challenges to providing care for adults with ASD, and (2) to identify potential strategies for increasing the number of adult physicians who are ready and able to provide this care. Results of the study suggest that changes are needed on multiple levels (System level, practice/provision level, and Education/training level) to address barriers to providing care to this population. The abstract for this poster is available online, (Poster Session Day: Friday, March 8, 2013 Poster Number: 4.)
March 27, 2013
Cady Landa, fourth year PhD candidate in Child, Youth, and Family Policy, published a report titled "Cultural Proficiency in Education: A Review of the Literature Focused on Teachers, School Leaders, and Schools" for the Gaston Institute for Latino Community Development and Public Policy.
Abstract: This literature review complements numerous studies conducted by the Gastón Institute in the last twenty years showing the significance of cultural differences for the educational outcomes of Latino and other cultural- and linguistical-minority children. The Gastón Institute and Sociedad Latina partnered to produce this review with the goal of deepening the understanding of policy makers and administrators of the benefits of culturally proficient schools for all students.
The author, Cady Landa, presents a wealth of information on the characteristics of cultural proficiency and the qualities that it calls for in teachers, students, and administrators. She has drawn from dozens of studies in highlighting the state of current scholarly knowledge of cultural proficiency in schools. A lengthy annotated bibliography describes in detail the studies on which the main body of the review is based.
Special Issue of Social Science and Medicine Co-Edited by ICYFP Director Dolores Acevedo-Garcia, PhD, and Visiting Scholar Joanna Almeida, ScD
March 7, 2013
PMH members Dolores Acevedo-Garcia, PhD, Director of ICYFP, and Joanna Almeida, ScD, Visiting Scholar, have co-edited a Special Issue (December 2012) of Social Science & Medicine (the world's most cited social science journal, publishing cutting edge social science research in health) on“Place, Migration and Health.” The papers in this special issue highlight promising new directions in research on immigrant health. They provide a thorough view of how place and migration patterns influence the health of immigrants as well as that of their families and the communities they emigrate from and immigrate to. These papers examined different theories and methods currently used to understand immigrant health issues, propose new ones for consideration, and raise important questions about how both sending and receiving countries can impact the health of immigrant populations.
Health Impact Assessment: An Introduction to the Practice, with Applications to a Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Tax
February 5, 2013
Lindsay Rosenfeld, ScD, ScM, Research Scientist at ICYFP presented a Health Impact Assessment (HIA) training for public health leaders, health educators, coalition coordinators, policy makers, etc. with the University of New England in Freeport, Maine.This full-day training introduced the group to the practice of Health Impact Assessment, a method for considering the health impact of policies, projects, and programs before they are implemented. In addition to introducing the concepts of HIA, Rosenfeld facilitated a workshop in which the group explored the possible HIA steps for a Maine sugar-sweetened beverage excise tax. Such a tax is being considered as part of efforts to reduce State obesity rates. After the training, UNE leaders and collaborators will work to move such an HIA forward, creating a model for the country.
Alison Earle, Ph.D. Presents Paper on Job Quality for Minority and Immigrant Parents at Annual Meeting of the Labor and Employment Relations Association
January 6, 2013
Alison Earle, Ph.D, Senior Research Scientist at ICYFP, presented a paper titled "Good Jobs for Working Parents: A Closer Look at Minority and Immigrant Workers" at the 64th Annual Meeting of the Labor and Employment Relations Association in San Diego, California. The paper is co-authored by ICYFP team members Pam Joshi, Kim Geronimo and Dolores Acevedo-Garcia.
In this paper, Earle, et al. use national data to explore the disparities in job quality for minority and immigrant parents. At present, nearly half of US children are of a racial/ethnic minority and one-quarter of US children are born into immigrant families. There are documented disparities in children's outcomes by race/ethnicity and immigrant status, disparities which could be exacerbated by parents' poor job quality and subsequent (in)ability to invest monetary and time resources into their children.
Job quality was determined by examining whether a parent received a reasonable working wage, partial or fully-paid health insurance, and/or a pension plan. The data show significant disparities in job quality by race/ethnicity, immigrant status, and gender. Black and Hispanic parents, immigrant parents (especially recent immigrants) and mothers are disproportionately found to hold jobs with one or more characteristics of poor job quality. These disparities in job quality by race/ethnicity and nativity are likely to contribute to already present disparities in children's outcomes.
Michelle Shain, PhD Student, Presents Paper at The International Conference on New Understandings of Gender, Love and the Jewish Family in Jerusalem, Israel
December 27, 2012
On December 27, 2012, PhD student Michelle Shain presented a paper titled "From Fantasy to Family: Understanding American Jewish Young Adults’ Decisions about Fertility" at the International Conference on New Understandings of Gender, Love, and the Jewish Family held by the Van Leer Institute in Jerusalem, Israel. The paper described key findings from a series of in-depth interviews with American Jews ages 25 to 35 about the decision-making processes underlying fertility outcomes. Major themes emerging from the research were study participants’ commitment to marriage as the context for child rearing, their lack of attention to the subject of fertility before getting married and the challenges facing participants as they begin to form families: financial and lifestyle pressures; difficulties in negotiating work-family and gender role conflicts; and a sense of isolation. The relatively minimal role of Jewishness in fertility decisions was also explored.
Michelle Shain is currently in her second year of the Heller School PhD program in Social Policy with a concentration in Children, Youth and Families. Her research focuses on family formation and religious and ethnic minorities, particularly the issue of fertility in the American Jewish community.
December 7, 2012
ICYFP researchers Dr. Pamela Joshi, Kim Geronimo, Dr. Dolores Acevedo-Garcia and collaborator Dr. Teresa Osypuk have co-authored a chapter in Women and Health (Goldman, Troisi and Rexrode, eds.) titled "Do Social Policies Influence the Health of Women and Their Children? A Summary of Strong Evidence and Implications for Designing Future Policies Using a 'Social Determinants of Health' Lens," scheduled to print in 2013. This chapter explores social determinants of health and the roles of social policies and gender on health outcomes. It focuses primarily on the most vulnerable populations of low-income, single mothers, and their health outcomes under current social policies as compared to their male counterparts. The main areas of focus are housing, marriage, work, and early childhood education.
Citation: Osypuk T, Joshi P, & Acevedo-Garcia D. (2012). Do Social Policies Influence the Health of Women and their Children? A Summary of Strong Evidence and Implications for Designing Future Policies Using a 'Social Determinants of Health' Lens. In MB Goldman, R. Troisi, & KM Rexrode (Eds.), Women and Health. Second Edition. Elsevier Publishing.
November 10, 2012
Pamela K. Joshi, Ph.D. '01, ICYFP Associate Director and Senior Research Scientist, gave a presentation at the annual APPAM Fall Research Conference on November 10, 2012 on a panel paper, “The Health Impact of Subsidized Housing: A Systematic Review of the Section 8 Voucher Program.” The review found that tenant-based housing subsidies in the private rental market can increase access to health care and improve health among children and parents of low-income households.
A systematic review of both published and grey literature revealed 13 studies of interest that analyzed data on the mental and physical health of participants in experimental Section 8 housing interventions. Receipt of a Section 8 voucher resulted in increased enrollment in SCHIP and and Medicaid programs, decreased risk behaviors and improved mental health for children,and decreased emergency care visits to hospitals and improved self-rated reports of physical and mental health among homeless adults The review also uncovered significant negative effects, as well as differing impacts by subgroup. One study found that housing vouchers had positive impacts on risky behavior among girls, but negative impacts among boys. These findings may indicate a need to tailor programs to different populations. Notably, across all studies, null effects were reported for a large number of health measures. These null effects indicate that future interventions should target health more explicitly, and future research should utilize, to the greatest extent possible, the most accurate and validated measures of mental and physical health.
For an expanded summary of this presentation, we invite you to visit the APPAM 2012 Fall Conference website.
Dolores Acevedo-Garcia, PhD, Director of ICYFP, Gives Keynote Presentation at Aetna Foundation Convening of Hispanic Health Organizations
October 15, 2012
Dolores Acevedo-Garcia, PhD, Director of ICYFP, gave a keynote presentation on health issues in the Hispanic community at Aetna Foundation headquarters in Hartford, Connecticut. The Aetna Foundation convened several Hispanic health-related organizations (among them National Council La Raza, the Hispanic Nurses Association, the Hispanic Chamber of Commerce, and the Hispanic Medical Association) with the special interest of exploring health issues relevant to Hispanic communities in the United States.
As an expert in issues of public health and diversity, Acevedo-Garcia was called upon to engage the group in an introduction of the various health matters that are most pressing to the Hispanic community today. The central focus of her presentation was on the main social determinants of health within the Hispanic community, keeping in mind the role of immigration as a key variable. The Aetna Foundation hopes to increase philanthropic giving for organizations interested in improving public health within the Hispanic community.