Institute for Child, Youth and Family Policy

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Family & Work Policy, Family Formation

Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Earle A, Heymann J. (Under review.) An Ounce of Prevention:  Work conditions and the ability to care for children’s preventive and routine health needs. The Journal of Pediatrics.

Earle A, Heymann J. (Under review.) Parent’s Care Burden and Children’s Educational Achievement. American Education Research Journal.

Heymann, J, Raub A, Earle A. (Conditional Acceptance). Breastfeeding Policy:  A Globally Comparative Analysis. World Health Organization Bulletin.

Earle, A, Joshi, P, Acevedo-Garcia, D (2014) Job characteristics among working parents: differences by race, ethnicity, and nativity, Monthly Labor Review, May.

Heymann J, Earle A, McNeill K. (2013). The Impact of Labor Policies on the Health of Young Children in Working Families in the Context of Economic Globalization.  Invited submission for publication in Volume 34.

Lahaie C, Earle A, and Heymann J (2012). An Uneven Burden:  Social Disparities in Adult Caregiving Responsibilities, Working Conditions, and Caregiver Outcomes.  Research on Aging. 1-32. Available Online.

Earle A, Heymann J. (2012). The cost of caregiving: wage loss among caregivers of elderly and disabled adults and children with special needs. Community, Work & Family,15:3, 357-375.  Available Online.

Earle A, Mokomane Z, and Heymann J. (2011). International Perspectives on Work-Family Policies: Lessons from the World's Most Competitive Economies.  Future of Children.  21(2): 191-210. 

Heymann, J, Raub A, and Earle A. (2011).The Global Impact of Maternal Leave Policy on Infant, Child and Maternal Mortality.  Public Health Reports. 126(3): 127-134.

Earle A and Heymann J.  (2011). Protecting the health of employed adults caring for family members with chronic or disabling conditions. Social Science and Medicine. 73(1):68-78.

Schliwen A, Earle A, Hayes J, and Heymann J. (2011).The Administration and Financing of Paid Sick Leave. International Labour Review.  50(1-2). 43-62. 

Heymann J, Rho HJ, Schmitt J, and Earle A. (2010). Ensuring a Healthy and Productive Workforce: Comparing the Generosity of Paid Sick Day and Sick Leave Policies in 22 Countries. International Journal of Health Services. 40(1) 1-22. 

Heymann SJ, Flores-Macias F, Hayes J, Kennedy M, Earle A, and Lahaie C. (2009). The Impact of Migration on the Well-Being of Transnational Families: New Data from Sending Communities in Mexico. Community, Work and Family. 12(1) p. 91-103. 

Rajaraman D, Earle A, and Heymann SJ. (2008). Working HIV Caregivers in Botswana:  Spill-over Effects on Work and Family Well-being. Community, Work and Family. 11(1) p. 1-17.

Heymann SJ, Earle A, Rajaraman D, Miller C, and Bogen K. (2007). Extended Family Caring for Children Orphaned by AIDS: Impacts on Child Well-Being and Economic Survival. AIDS Care Journal. 19(3) p.337-345. 

Joshi, P. K., Quane, J., & Cherlin, A. (2009). Contemporary work and family issues affecting union formation among low-income single mothers. Family Relations. 58, 647–661. 

Joshi, P., & Bogen, K. (2007). Nonstandard work schedules, parenting challenges, and child behavior in low-income working families. Journal of Marriage and Family. 69(1), 139–156. 

Earle A and Heymann SJ. (2006). A Comparative Analysis of Paid Leave for the Health Needs of Workers and their Families Around the World. Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis. 8(3) p.241-257.

Earle A, Ayanian JZ, and Heymann J. (2006). Work Resumption After Newly Diagnosed Coronary Heart Disease: Findings on the Importance of Paid Leave.  Journal of Women’s Health. 15(4).

Heymann J, Penrose K, and Earle A. (2006). Meeting Children’s Needs: How Does the U.S. Measure Up? Merrill Palmer Quarterly. 52(2).

Heymann SJ, Earle A. and Hanchate A. (2004). Bringing a Global Perspective to Community, Work and Family:  An Examination of Extended Work Hours in Families in Four Countries.  Community, Work and Family. 7(2). 

Earle A and Heymann SJ. (2002). What Causes Job Loss Among Former Welfare Recipients? The Role of Family Health Problems. JAMWA.  57, 5-10. 

Heymann SJ and Earle A. (2001). The Impact of Parental Working Conditions on School-Age Children: The Case of Evening Work. Community, Work and Family.  4(3) p. 305-325.  

Heymann SJ and Earle A. (2000). Low-Income Parents: How Do Working Conditions Affect Their Opportunity To Help School-Age Children At Risk? American Educational Research Journal. 37(2) p. 833-848. 

Heymann SJ and Earle A. (1999). The Impact of Welfare Reform on Parents’ Ability to Care for Their Children’s Health. American Journal of Public Health. 89(4) 502-505.     

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Issue Briefs

diversitydatakids.org, (2014). Unequal Family Leave: Are working parents eligible, and can they afford it? Data-for-Action Fact Sheet, April 2014, Waltham, MA: diversitydatakids.org; Available Online.

Schmitt J, Rho HJ, Earle A, and Heymann J. (June 2009). Paid Sick Days Don’t Cause Unemployment.  Issue Brief, Washington DC:  Center for Economic Policy Research.  Available Online.

Rho HJ, Schmitt J, Earle A and Heymann SJ. (May 2009). A Review of Sickness-Related Leave in 22 High Human Development Index Countries. Issue Brief, Washington DC:  Center for Economic Policy Research. Available Online.

Heymann J, Rho HJ, Schmitt J, and Earle A. (May 2009). Contagion Nation: A Comparison of Paid Sick Day Policies in 22 Countries. Issue Brief, Washington DC:  Center for Economic Policy Research. Available Online.

Heymann SJ, Earle A, and Penrose K. (2007). Importance of the Healthy Families Act to the Health of American Families. Issue Brief II, Institute for Health and Social Policy. 

Heymann SJ, Earle A, and Hayes J. (2007). Implications for U.S. Policy of the Work, Family, and Equity Index. Issue Brief I, Institute for Health and Social Policy.  

Heymann SJ, Earle A, and Hayes J. (2007). How Does the U.S. Rank in Work Policies for Individuals and Families? Policy brief for Council on Contemporary Families. 

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Books and Book Chapters

Heymann SJ and Earle A.  (2010).  Raising the Global Floor: Dismantling the Myth that We Can’t Afford Good Working Conditions for Everyone. Stanford, CA:  Stanford University Press.

Heymann SJ and Earle A. (2011). Ensuring That Americans Can Succeed at Home and at Work in a Global Economy.  In: Old Assumptions, New Realities: Economic Security for Working Families in the 21st Century. Meyers M and Plotnick R. (eds.) Washington, DC: Russell Sage Foundation.   

Earle A, Shea A, and Heymann SJ. (2007). The Effect of Trade on Labour Conditions and Health. In: Blouin C, Heymann SJ, and Drager N, eds. Trade and Health: Finding Common Ground. Montreal: McGill Queens University Press. 

Earle A, Heymann SJ, and Lavis JM. (2005). Using Research In The Public Policy-Making Process. In: Heymann SJ, Hertzman C, Barer M, Evans R. eds.  Healthier Societies.  New York: Oxford University Press.  

Heymann SJ, Simmons S, and Earle A. (2005). “Global Transformations.” In: Bianchi S., Casper L, King, R. eds. Work, Family, Health and Well-being.  Mahwah, NJ:  Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Earle A and Heymann SJ. (2003). “Work, family, and social class.” In: Ryff C, Kessler R, eds. How Healthy Are We? A Portrait of Midlife in the U.S. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Carré, F., & Joshi, P. (2000). Looking for leverage in a fluid world: Innovative response to temporary and contracted work. In Nonstandard Work Arrangements and the Changing Labor Market: Dimensions, Causes and Institutional Responses. F. Carré, M. Ferber, L. Golden, & S. Herzenberg (Eds.). Industrial Relations Research Association. 

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Policy Briefs

Nsiah-Jefferson, L. (April 2011). What is the Future of Black Girls? Policy Brief. Long Island Think Tank for African-American Progress. 

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Presentations and Proceedings

Earle A. (September 20, 2012). Paid sick days: Current research and future research priorities. Paid leave research strategy session. Institute for Women's Policy Research and the Work-Family Strategy Council, Washington, DC, invited speaker. 

Earle A, Joshi P, Geronimo K, Acevedo-Garcia D. (June 14-16, 2012). Job Quality among Minority and Immigrant Working Parents. Work Family Researchers Network Inaugural Conference, New York City, NY, presenter and session chair. 

Joshi, P. (November, 2011). Racial gaps in assets and wealth: Implications for Social Policy. Panel discussant at the Association for Public Policy and Management annual meeting, Washington, DC. 

Joshi P, Eyerman J, Burke M & Burke B. (November, 2010). Building effective partnerships between faith-based and community organizations and emergency preparedness and response agencies: preliminary findings from the building resilience with diverse communities project. Paper presented at the Association for Public Policy and Management annual meeting, Boston, MA. 

Acevedo-Garcia D, Jennings L, Earle A, and Rosenfeld L. (March 13, 2010). Identifying and Marketing Your Parenting-Related Skills in the Job Market. Federation for Children with Special Needs Spring Conference, Boston MA, presenter. 

Rosenfeld L. (March, 2010). Identifying and Marketing Your Parent-Related Skills in the Job Market. The Federation for Children with Special Needs, Visions of Community. Boston, MA.

Nsiah-Jefferson, L. (January 17th, 2010). Legislative  Proposals to Positively Impact HIV-affected Women, Children and Families. National Advisory Committee Meeting on HIV/AIDS Affected Children and Families, Baltimore, MD.

Nsiah-Jefferson L (October 4, 2009). The State of the AIDS Crisis for African-American Families - Strategies and Solutions, National Center for Health Behavioral Change, Annual Senior Fellows Meeting, Baltimore, MD. 

Joshi P. (July, 2009). The third wave of employment, child support and family support interventions for low-income families. Paper presented at the National Association for Welfare Research and Statistics annual meeting, Albany, NY.  

Nsiah-Jefferson L. (October 27, 2008). The Development of E-Risk Association Tool to Identify Early Precursors of Likely Neglect: Critical Considerations, American Public Health Association Annual Meeting, Public Health Without Borders, San Diego, CA. 

Quane J, Joshi P, Wimer C, & Wilson WJ. (August, 2007). Parental expectations and adolescent outcomes in low-income families. Paper presented at the American Sociological Association annual meeting, New York, NY. 

Quane J, Joshi P, Rankin B & Sharkey, P. (November, 2004). Welfare reform and the well-being of urban youth from a cumulative risk and protective factors perspective. Paper presented at the National Council on Family Relations annual meeting, Orlando, FL. 

Quane J, Joshi P, Rankin B, & Sharkey P. (August, 2004). Welfare status, multiple risk factors, and the well-being of adolescents in low-income families. Paper presented at the American Sociological Association annual meeting, San Francisco, CA. 

Joshi P, Quane J, Jacobs E, & Cherlin A. (April, 2004). No time for marriage? Union formation decisions among low-income single urban mothers. Paper presented at the Population Association of America annual meeting, Boston, MA.  

Quane J, & Joshi P. (November, 2003). The roles housing assistance and neighborhood poverty play in recipients’ efforts to leave welfare for work. Paper presented at the Center for Society and Health, School of Public Health, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.

Quane J, & Joshi P. (August, 2003). Wage reliance and receipt of welfare among families with a housing subsidy. Paper presented at the American Sociological Association annual meeting, Atlanta, GA.

Quane J, Joshi P, & Sharkey P. (February, 2003). Getting by in an era of welfare reform: Low income families in Boston. Paper presented at the Boston 101 Seminar Series, Rappaport Institute, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.

Quane J, Joshi P, Dordick G, & Henrici J. (August, 2002). Neighborhood organizations and the people who use them: A spatial consideration of welfare reform. Paper presented at the American Sociological Association annual meeting, Chicago, IL. 

Joshi P & Bogen K. (November, 2001). Bad work or good move: The relationship of part-time and nonstandard work schedules to parenting and child behavior in working poor families. Paper presented at Low Income Families: Coping as Parents and Workers Conference, sponsored by HHS, Chapin Hall and NCCP, Washington, DC. 

Joshi P & Giele J. (March, 2001). The effects of nonstandard and flexible work arrangements on parenting behavior and parent-child relationships. Paper presented at the Work and Family: Expanding the Horizons Conference, Sloan Foundation, San Francisco, CA. 

Carré F & Joshi P. (January, 2000). Innovations from the field: Labor, community, and private sector responses to temporary and short term work. Paper presented at the Industrial Relations Research Association, Boston, MA. 

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Reports

Joshi P, Flaherty S, Corwin E, Bir A & Lerman R. (2011). Piloting a community approach to healthy marriage initiatives in five sites: Minneapolis, Minnesota; Lexington, Kentucky; New Orleans, Louisiana; Atlanta, Georgia; and Denver, Colorado. Prepared for the Administration for Children and Families. 

Earle A & The Afterschool Alliance. (April 2009). Roadmap to Afterschool for All: Examining Current Investments and Mapping Future Needs.  Washington, DC: The Afterschool Alliance, policy research report. 

Joshi P, Corwin E, & Bir A. (2009). Healthy relationships and financial stability: Foundations for Strong Families 101. Prepared for the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation.

Joshi P, Corwin E, & Bir A. (2009). Healthy relationships and financial stability: Foundations for Strong Families 201. Prepared for the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation. 

Heymann SJ, Barrera M, & Earle A. (2008). The Working Poor: Canada and the World. Options Politiques. Institute for Research on Public Policy (IRPP). 

Joshi P, Pilkauskas N, Bir A, & Lerman, R. (2008). Piloting a community approach to healthy marriage initiatives in three sites: Boston, Massachusetts; Jacksonville, Florida; and Chicago, Illinois. Prepared for the Administration for Children and Families.  

Corwin E, Bir A, Joshi P, & Lerman R. (2008). Marriage education, financial literacy, and asset development roundtable: Meeting summary. Prepared for the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation. 

Earle A. (November 6, 2007). The Importance of Establishing Paid Sick Days to the Health of Families and Children in Massachusetts.  Written Testimony submitted to the Joint Committee on Labor and Workforce Development.  

Heymann SJ, Earle A, and Hayes J. (2007). Work, Family, and Equity Index:  Where Does the United States Stand Globally?  Project on Global Working Families, Harvard School of Public Health and Institute for Health and Social Policy, McGill University. 

Occoquan D, Pilkauskas N, & Joshi P. (2007). Piloting community approaches to healthy marriage initiatives: Quarterly site update. Prepared for the Administration for Children and Families.

Haber S, Hoover S, Joshi P, & Osber D. (2007). Evaluation of the Demonstration to Maintain Independence and Employment (DMIE) and other related disease specific 1115 waiver programs. Prepared for the Center for Medicare & Medicaid Services.   

Earle A. (June, 2006). The Strong Families Act: The Importance to Massachusetts’ Families and Children. Written testimony submitted to the Massachusetts Joint Committee on Children and Families and the Joint Committee on Labor and Workforce Development.

Earle A. (May 4, 2005). An Act Establishing Paid Sick Days: Benefits to the Health and Welfare of Massachusetts Families and Children.  Written testimony submitted to the Massachusetts Joint Committee on Labor and Workforce Development.  

Heymann SJ, Earle A, Simmons S, Breslow SM, & Kuehnhoff A. (June 2004). Work, Family, and Equity Index:  Where Does the United States Stand Globally?  Project on Global Working Families, Harvard School of Public Health.  

Quane J, Joshi P, & Wilson WJ. (2004). After welfare reform: A snapshot of low-income families in Boston. Joblessness and Urban Poverty Research Program, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. 

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Working Papers

Heymann SJ & Earle A.  (June 1997). Working Conditions: What Do Parents Leaving Welfare And Low Income Parents Face?  John F. Kennedy School of Government Center for Social Policy Working Paper Series.  

Heymann SJ & Earle A. (April 1996). Family Policy for School Age Children: The Case Of Parental Evening Work.  John F. Kennedy School of Government Center for Social Policy Working Paper Series. 

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